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Cyber Law and Its Benefits

Cyber Law and Its Benefits - WebCreatify

Internet is the technology that is used all over the world to contact with each other and business organizations to become global through which they can become popular. Computers are being used for every work, because of this, cyber crimes are increasing day by day. Cybercrime has become an important issue importance for consumers as well as the business. Every person has the scare that their data can be hacked by hackers.

Cyber Law is the law made by the government for illegal actions. It includes computers, networks, software, storage devices, Internet, websites, emails, mobile phones, ATM machines, etc. It is related to e-commerce, in which all transactions related to commercial activities based on processing and the communication of digital data. 


fig.no.1.Cyberlaw(blogipleaders.com)

 In the year 1990 people were not connected and everything is connected nowadays. The Prime Minister of India has started with the mission of Digital India. We are living in a world where everything is done via the internet. E-learning, E-music, E-commerce, E-business all came into existence through the internet.  Technology is growing day by day. It brings a lot of good things and an equal amount of risks.  Every day, cyber crimes are increasing like Credit card cloning, stalking, stealing credit cards, etc.  it is the biggest challenge to secure data. Some of the youngsters give way to misuse technology. The reality is 95 percent cases are not reported to the Police Authorities. To reduce cybercrimes, some rules and regulations are made and approved by the government which must be obeyed by all the persons in a country. The person who disobeys these rules will be lead to severe actions such as fine or imprisonment.

Information Technology  Law 2000 was passed by the government with the main objective of providing a legal infrastructure for recognition. The act also allows for the entry of corporate business for issuing a digital signature certificate. Everyone must be aware of this act, the security issues, reading cybercrime cases, use trustworthy applications and sites which will protect your data from malicious attacks.

Cyberlaw consists of

1. Cyber Crimes.

Cybercrimes are unlawful acts that involve a computer and a network.  It is an attack on information about people, government, organizations. The computer can be the target or it can be used for any tool. Online trading and E-commerce have led to increasing cybercrimes. It is also known as computer-oriented crime. It includes stealing identity, violating the privacies of the users. Cybercrimes are done by persons who have in-depth knowledge of computer science.

2. Electronic and Digital Signatures.

Electronic signatures are used to verify electronic records.  It is a sign that a person accepts the approval recorded in a document. Digital seals are also used for security purposes.  They are the same as handwritten signatures. Digital signatures are a type of electronic signature. It is a technique to validate digital messages. It consists of three legal requirements that are sign authentication, message authentication, and message uprightness. It is trustworthy in comparison to hand signatures. It is used in financial transactions, distribution.

3. Intellectual Property. 

Intellectual property refers to creations of the human and published online which includes copyright, programming code, websites, mobile data, software license, trademark. This law indicates that any other person can use someone’s data without the permission of the owner.

4. Data Protection and Privacy. 

Data protection and privacy laws balance between privacy rights and the interests of data controllers such as banks, hospitals, email service providers, etc. These laws work on the challenges of privacy caused by collecting, storing, and transmitting data using new technologies.

 

fig.no.2.Cyberlaw &IT act 2000(slidesharecdn.com)

Cyberlaw in India

There are many sections in the IT act 2000. Some important sections which are necessary to know are :

  1. Section 65 -  This act is regarding computer source documents. A person who changes destroy the computer data which is necessary will be punished with 3 years of imprisonment or a fine of Rs.2 lakhs will be applied or with both. 
  2. Section 66A- An individual sending messages disrespectfully to any person through any service is a crime. Spreading fake news, threatening people, criminal intentions, misbehaving will be punished up to 3 years along with a fine.
  3. Section 66B – A person who is receiving or forwarding stolen computer’s resources or communication devices will be punished up to 3 years with a fine of Rs. 1 lakh
  4. Section 66C – Using other passwords, digital signatures, trying to hack ids is a crime. A person has to pay a penalty up to 1 lakh with 3 years of imprisonment.
  5. Section 66D - Cheating a person by the use of computer resources or any communication devices resources shall be sentenced either with a description for a term that may extend up to 3 years of imprisonment along with a fine that may extend up to rupee 1 lakh. 
  6. Section 66E – It includes privacy issues like publishing, transmitting or capturing images of any individual without his/her opinion, that violates the privacy issues of the individual will be punished with 3 years of imprisonment or with a fine of Rs. 2 lakhs rupees or both.

Benefits of Cyberlaw

  • Organizations are able to carry out e-commerce business using the legal infrastructure. 
  • Cyberlaw gives authority to organizations to file any unauthorized issues and provide security for transactions.
  • It provides a remedy if any system is suffering from malware attacks. 
  • Cyberlaw protects personal information, allows employees to work safely, stop websites from hacking.
  • Cyberlaw provides a consolidated solution to the business authorities.
  • The best IT security systems provide the features to fight against the determined criminal.
  • Adware is a computer virus that fills your computer with advertisements and is fairly common. Cyberlaw detects this type of viruses.

Conclusion : 

All people using the Internet and having knowledge are not involved in cybercrimes. Cyberlaw reduces risks of personal information, company data, online transactions, provides security to social media accounts.  Cyberlaw has reduced the crimes, malware attacks


Shrishti Paherwar

Author

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