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What goes on behind the scenes!
In view of the diverse nature of human beings, identical websites will fail to assist the demand of human diversity. According to studies, the world wide web is estimated to double in size every two to three months. To keep up the pace, it has become utterly necessary for websites to maintain originality and uniqueness.
We spend most of our time surfing through the internet, using hundreds of thousands of websites for various purposes: reference to studies, research, work, entertainment, so on and so forth. But how do these websites work, is a question one might ask oneself. There are tons of technical stuff that takes place behind the creation of a perfect website, much in the same way that a lot of things going on behind the scenes in a movie. All this just to make the website accessible and easy to use for its viewers. So basically the inside track that helps the website to update and change from time to time is its backend.
What is Backend?
The Back-end or the “service-side” mainly refers to how the site works. This alludes to everything that a viewer cannot find on a website.
According to Wikipedia, “A backend database is a database that is accessed by users indirectly through an external application rather than by application programming stored within the database itself. It stores data but does not include end-user application elements such as stored queries, forms, macros, or reports.”In simpler words, the backend is that portion of a website that is not visible to its users. It is liable for storing and organizing data, and ensuring that everything on the user-side works efficiently. People who work on the backend are called back-end programmers or back-end developers.
Relationship between the Frontend and the Backend
Frontend alludes to the customer side, while backend alludes to the server-side of the application. Both are vital for developing a website, yet their jobs, duties, and the situations that they work in are entirely different. Everything that needs to be displayed on the front end, needs to be manipulated through the back end. So, the backend is the brains of the operation.
fig.no.2. Difference between frontend and backend(medium.com)
Types of Backend processes that are needed to create a dynamic website A backend process is the mystical side of a website. Here are examples of a few backend tools that are essential to developing a successful website :
- Programming Languages – A number of programming languages are engaged with building the software otherwise known as backend. Some notable programming languages areRuby, Java, Python, Perlet Cetera. These can be utilized to compare the guidelines for developing a successful website.
- Framework – These are the libraries filled with codes having a pre-faced structure that a backend programmer can use in accordance with his requirements and needs. For example, a website must have a proper site map which helps in navigation. A website should be easy to navigate for its users. This is an important backend tool that a website cannot do without.
- Webserver Technologies – These are PC programs that are associated with developing the website. They store, process, and deliver the web pages to the users. The most popular ones include Apache and NGINX, which help in reverse proxying, caching, load balancing, and media streaming processes.
- Database Management Systems – A Database Management System (DBMS) is an assortment of projects which enable its users to get a database, manipulate, interpret, and represent data. MySQL is a well known open-source relation database. It is free to access. It has a few simple steps to set up and its quick performances make it the most popular database among various backend developers. Whereas, MongODISis an open-source NoSQL database framework which is firmly connected with java-Script based collection of technologies and advancements like ExpressJS, Angular JS, and Node JS.
- Collaboration Services– Since backend and frontend tasks go hand-in-hand, it is important for programmers on both sides to stay associated with one another. Platforms like Slack, Asana, Jira, and Trello help groups to work viably with better collaboration.
- Website Performance Testers – In the computerized age, the normal or average concentration capacity of a person is a mere 8 seconds. Hence, the speed at which a website loads, impacts the web site's traffic to an enormous degree. Indeed, even a one-second delay can make a viewer say goodbye to the website. Due to this very reason backend developers consider speed analyzers like Load Testers significant backend improvement devices. These provide reports of the website’s loading time and speed as well as prescribe the changes that can be made to make the website even quicker.
fig.no.3.Full stack development(tekraze.com)
To summarize everything down, programming languages, framework, web servers, database management system, collaboration services, and speed testers are some of the essential backend development tools which can be used by web developers to create a dynamic website. It is also noteworthy to point out that, the more the number of backend tools used, the more will be the pressure on the website. Therefore, it can be said that there is an inverse relationship between the two. Too many backend processes will result in slowing down the website and this will have a direct impact on the page rate.
Pro Tip: If you’re looking to use a lot of Backend Tools, consider upgrading your page hosting.