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Open-source software means the software which can be easily modified. It is accessed publically. It is a software with a source code that can be beneficial for both programmers or non-programmers. Open-source software makes source code accessible in a legal way to end-users. The program for the software is available free of cost. In this software, users don’t need to pay money. There are various uses of Open source software in web designing, automation, operating systems, etc.
The Open-source software [OSS] is quite different from other software because of its license. OOS permits redistribution without any restrictions, access program code, modify it, distribute modified versions. OSS is a commercial service provider. The overall costs of using an open-source product are higher than proprietary products.
Fig. Open Source(opensource1.com)
A software can be simple if open source is added to it. OSS increases company’s growth continuously. It also provides excellent place for interaction, collaboration. LibreOffice and GNU Image manipulation program are Open source software. Users can use its code for learning, modifying and distributing. It is also known as copy left license software. Open source software benefits to anyone using internet. It is also used to route and transmit data to local devices. It is also used on global network that form an atmosphere. Open Source Software is also known as remote computing because it allows to store files, play music, watch videos, share photos on a large network.
Benefits of using Open Source Software
Flexibility: OSS offers more flexibility. It provides vendor independence, no limits on deployment, modify it to better suit business needs, make it easier to combine other products. It supports innovation.
Lower Costs : In OSS you may not require to pay for the software license. This is the main reason why small business accept OSS
Reliability and Quality: OSS provides reliability and better quality. Using open source products like Apache, Send mail, Linux shows the quality and reliability of the software.
Reduces “Vendor Lock-in”: There is no restriction to use certain vendors. Switching vendors involves significant costs. For some of the OSS products there are limited number of vendors that can provide you with services, upgrades or security patches.
Availability of External Support: External technical support is given for open source software packages. Many open source products have active community support which answers to questions online.
Standard software :
Standard Software is a non-customized Software which is licensed to users. It is available on standard payments by organizations. It is mainly known as Licensed Software. It gives access only to authors of the software to modify code, copy code and change code. It is cheaper than Open Source Software. In this software lots of adjustments are to be done by external programmers and technical consultants which is quite expensive. It is also dependent on external sources and have a high license fees. It is the opposite of Open Source Software. Users need to pay software for their use.
Reliability and Quality: Standard software provides good quality of functions, improved product and managed efficiently.
Security: As there is no access to the code, hackers are not able to attack or change the code or misuse it. Standard software provides more security. There are no security risks to your system and network.
Technical support: Standard software provide technical help by the software team to solve the technical issues for end users.
Comparison between open source and Standard software
Open source are free of cost software. It may have a little cost of assistance, services, added functionality. Thus, you may still pay easily with OSS.
Standard software is a paid software. The costs depends on the complexity of software. If a software is more complex, then you have to pay more money. With a high price, Standard software gives better product with high performance of functions, full support.
OSS provides its code to view, alter, share, upgrade and add more functions to the code. Errors can be removed easily. But, for hackers the source code is opening the doors to hack code and misuse it.
Standard software is vendor locked. If any issue occurs with a software, you have to request to a support team and then they will solve the problem. There is no direct access to the code in Standard software.
3. Quality of Support
Open source software does not have that much support. OSS software provides articles, forums. OSS does not give high level of responses.
Standard software provides an option to contact support team in case of any issues. The support team remove the bugs and provide response in a well organized and documented manner.
4. Source Code Availability
Open source software provides its code without any limitations. End users can develop their own functions and get benefits within the user community. Source code can be shared, modified, altered, updated in OSS. Software programmers can update the existing code.
Standard software is restricted. Source code cannot be changed, viewed shared, modified, altered, update in Standard software. This restrictions enables Standard software to provide more security than Open Source Software.
Open source Software as well as Standard software both has two sides of coin. Both the software are useful in its own way. If you want a source code and add your own functionalities to the software, then Open Source Software is the best one. And, if you want more security and to protect your system from hackers then Standard Software is best suited to your needs.